Individuals who suffer from confusion that affects their reasoning should consult the best neurologist in Lahore. The specialist will conduct relevant tests to diagnose the illness and provide treatment accordingly.
Delirium is a condition in which the person suffers from sudden brain changes that affect cognition. The person suffers from emotional disruption and confusion. The person cannot remember and sleep properly. The symptoms of delirium are:
- The patient suffers from memory problems.
- They remain confused, which causes them to make irrational decisions. They cannot think and communicate in an effective way.
- The patient suffers from sleep problems. They remain drowsy throughout the day.
- The individual with delirium suffers from muscle weakness and incontinence.
The known causes that correlate with delirium are:
- Individuals who consume blood pressure medications are at a higher risk of suffering from delirium due to an imbalance in the chemicals in the brain.
- People trying to withdraw from alcohol and illicit drugs are more prone to suffer from delirium and related complications.
- Individuals suffering from medical conditions or infections suffer from inflammation that hinders brain function.
- Individuals who consume medications without prescription are at a higher risk of suffering from delirium and related complications.
- Consuming poisonous food can affect brain infections due to chemical imbalances in the brain.
- Individuals with asthma should take precautionary measures and medication to avoid suffering from complications such as delirium. The lack of oxygen supply to the brain can hinder function and lead to confusion.
Individuals who are at a higher risk of suffering from delirium are:
- Individuals with a recent brain surgery should prioritize their health and monitor the changes as they are at a higher risk of contracting an infection that can lead to delirium.
- Individuals withdrawing from alcohol and illicit drugs are more likely to suffer from confusion; hence, they must seek support from professionals and family members to cope with the change.
- Individuals suffering from dementia suffer from memory problems and confusion. The condition can worsen and lead to delirium.
- Individuals must maintain a balance between academic, personal, and professional life as emotional stress can hinder brain function and lead to delirium.
There are three types of delirium based on the causes and their severity. The different types of delirium are:
- Delirium Tremens: Individuals who have been consuming alcohol are at a higher risk of suffering from delirium tremens after they try to eradicate it from their lifestyle.
- Hyperactive Delirium: The individual with hyperactive delirium becomes more alert and uncooperative in every aspect of life.
- Hypoactive Delirium: The patient becomes inactive and cannot complete daily tasks. Moreover, they sleep most of the time and become unorganized in every aspect of life.
- Mixed Delirium: Individuals with mixed delirium have episodes where they sleep for most time or become hyperactive, hindering their personal and professional growth.
The preventive measures that help in reducing the chances of suffering from delirium are:
- Individuals should maintain a healthy lifestyle by eating healthy and prioritizing sleep over work. A healthy sleep routine helps the person remain positive and manage the stress that can lead to delirium. Also, sleeping on time keeps the person active, and can manage their personal and professional work and reduce anxiety and stress.
- Individuals should consume healthy food to strengthen the immune system and reduce the risk of contracting an infection that can lead to the malfunctioning of the brain. Individuals exhibiting symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection should take timely treatment to avoid complications such as delirium.
- People with asthma should keep an inhaler with them at all times as an attack can cause a lack of oxygen supply to the brain and cause delirium.
- People must not take medications without a prescription, as excessive and unnecessary use can cause brain damage and lead to delirium.
Individuals with delirium must discuss their symptoms with Col. (R) Dr. Zahid Rustam. A competent and reliable neurologist can guide the patient regarding the most effective and latest treatment plan for smooth recovery without further complications.